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Uppy

This is the core module that orchestrates everything in Uppy, managing state and events and providing methods.

const Uppy = require('@uppy/core')

const uppy = new Uppy()

Installation

Install from NPM:

npm install @uppy/core

In the CDN package, it is available on the Uppy global object:

const Core = Uppy.Core

TypeScript

When using TypeScript, Uppy has weak type checking by default. That means that the options to plugins are not type-checked. For example, this is allowed:

import Uppy = require('@uppy/core')
import Tus = require('@uppy/tus')
const uppy = new Uppy()
uppy.use(Tus, {
  invalidOption: null,
  endpoint: ['a', 'wrong', 'type']
})

As of Uppy 1.10, Uppy supports a strict typechecking mode. This mode typechecks the options passed in to plugins. This will be the only mode in Uppy 2.0, but is currently optional to preserve backwards compatibility. The strict mode can be enabled by passing a special generic type parameter to the Uppy constructor:

import Uppy = require('@uppy/core')
import Tus = require('@uppy/tus')
const uppy = Uppy<Uppy.StrictTypes>()
uppy.use(Tus, {
  invalidOption: null // this will now make the compilation fail!
})

If you are storing Uppy instances in your code, for example in a property on a React or Angular component class, make sure to add the StrictTypes flag there as well:

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
  private uppy: Uppy<Uppy.StrictTypes>
}

In Uppy 2.0, this generic parameter will be removed, and your plugin options will always be type-checked.

Options

The Uppy core module has the following configurable options:

const uppy = new Uppy({
  id: 'uppy',
  autoProceed: false,
  allowMultipleUploads: true,
  debug: false,
  restrictions: {
    maxFileSize: null,
    minFileSize: null,
    maxNumberOfFiles: null,
    minNumberOfFiles: null,
    allowedFileTypes: null
  },
  meta: {},
  onBeforeFileAdded: (currentFile, files) => currentFile,
  onBeforeUpload: (files) => {},
  locale: {},
  store: new DefaultStore(),
  logger: justErrorsLogger
})

id: 'uppy'

A site-wide unique ID for the instance.

If multiple Uppy instances are being used, for instance, on two different pages, an id should be specified. This allows Uppy to store information in localStorage without colliding with other Uppy instances.

Note that this ID should be persistent across page reloads and navigation—it shouldn’t be a random number that is different every time Uppy is loaded.
For example, if one Uppy instance is used to upload user avatars, and another to add photos to a blog post, you might use:

const avatarUploader = new Uppy({ id: 'avatar' })
const photoUploader = new Uppy({ id: 'post' })

autoProceed: false

By default Uppy will wait for an upload button to be pressed in the UI, or an .upload() method to be called, before starting an upload. Setting this to autoProceed: true will start uploading automatically after the first file is selected.

allowMultipleUploads: true

Whether to allow multiple upload batches. This means multiple calls to .upload(), or a user adding more files after already uploading some. An upload batch is made up of the files that were added since the previous .upload() call.

With this option set to true, users can upload some files, and then add more files and upload those as well. A model use case for this is uploading images to a gallery or adding attachments to an email.

With this option set to false, users can upload some files, and you can listen for the ‘complete’ event to continue to the next step in your app’s upload flow. A typical use case for this is uploading a new profile picture. If you are integrating with an existing HTML form, this option gives the closest behaviour to a bare <input type="file">.

logger

An object of methods that are called with debug information from uppy.log.

Set logger: Uppy.debugLogger to get debug info output to the browser console:

const Uppy = require('@uppy/core')
const uppy = new Uppy({
  logger: Uppy.debugLogger
})

You can also provide your own logger object: it should expose debug, warn and error methods, as shown in the examples below.

Here’s an example of a logger that does nothing:

const nullLogger = {
  debug: (...args) => {},
  warn: (...args) => {},
  error: (...args) => {}
}

logger: Uppy.debugLogger looks like this:

const debugLogger = {
  debug: (...args) => {
    // IE 10 doesn’t support console.debug
    const debug = console.debug || console.log
    debug.call(console, `[Uppy] [${getTimeStamp()}]`, ...args)
  },
  warn: (...args) => console.warn(`[Uppy] [${getTimeStamp()}]`, ...args),
  error: (...args) => console.error(`[Uppy] [${getTimeStamp()}]`, ...args)
}

By providing your own logger, you can send the debug information to a server, choose to log errors only, etc.

restrictions: {}

Optionally, provide rules and conditions to limit the type and/or number of files that can be selected.

Parameters

  • maxFileSize null | number — maximum file size in bytes for each individual file (total max size has been requested, and is planned)
  • minFileSize null | number — minimum file size in bytes for each individual file
  • maxNumberOfFiles null | number — total number of files that can be selected
  • minNumberOfFiles null | number — minimum number of files that must be selected before the upload
  • allowedFileTypes null | array of wildcards image/*, exact mime types image/jpeg, or file extensions .jpg: ['image/*', '.jpg', '.jpeg', '.png', '.gif']

maxNumberOfFiles also affects the number of files a user is able to select via the system file dialog in UI plugins like DragDrop, FileInput and Dashboard: when set to 1, they will only be able to select a single file. When null or another number is provided, they will be able to select multiple files.

allowedFileTypes gets passed to the system file dialog via <input>’s accept attribute, so only files matching these types will be selectable.

If you’d like to force a certain meta field data to be entered before the upload, you can do so using onBeforeUpload.

If you need to restrict allowedFileTypes to a file extension with double dots, like .nii.gz, you can do so by setting allowedFileTypes to just the last part of the extension, allowedFileTypes: ['.gz'], and then using onBeforeFileAdded to filter for .nii.gz.

meta: {}

Metadata object, used for passing things like public keys, usernames, tags and so on:

meta: {
  username: 'John'
}

This global metadata is added to each file in Uppy. It can be modified by two methods:

  1. uppy.setMeta({ username: 'Peter' }) — set or update meta for all files.
  2. uppy.setFileMeta('myfileID', { resize: 1500 }) — set or update meta for specific file.

Metadata from each file is then attached to uploads in Tus and XHRUpload plugins.

Metadata can also be added from a <form> element on your page, through the Form plugin or through the UI if you are using Dashboard with the metaFields option.

onBeforeFileAdded: (currentFile, files) => currentFile

A function run before a file is added to Uppy. It gets passed (currentFile, files) where currentFile is a file that is about to be added, and files is an object with all files that already are in Uppy.

Use this function to run any number of custom checks on the selected file, or manipulate it, for instance, by optimizing a file name.

⚠️ Note that this method is intended for quick synchronous checks/modifications only. If you need to do an async API call, or heavy work on a file (like compression or encryption), you should utilize a custom plugin instead.

Return true/nothing or a modified file object to proceed with adding the file:

onBeforeFileAdded: (currentFile, files) => {
  if (currentFile.name === 'forest-IMG_0616.jpg') {
    return true
  }
}

// or

onBeforeFileAdded: (currentFile, files) => {
  const modifiedFile = {
    ...currentFile,
    name: currentFile.name + '__' + Date.now()
  }
  return modifiedFile
}

Return false to abort adding the file:

onBeforeFileAdded: (currentFile, files) => {
  if (!currentFile.type) {
    // log to console
    uppy.log(`Skipping file because it has no type`)
    // show error message to the user
    uppy.info(`Skipping file because it has no type`, 'error', 500)
    return false
  }
}

Note: it is up to you to show a notification to the user about a file not passing validation. We recommend showing a message using uppy.info() and logging to console for debugging purposes via uppy.log().

onBeforeUpload: (files) => files

A function run before an upload begins. Gets passed files object with all the files that are already in Uppy.

Use this to check if all files or their total number match your requirements, or manipulate all the files at once before upload.

⚠️ Note that this method is intended for quick synchronous checks/modifications only. If you need to do an async API call, or heavy work on a file (like compression or encryption), you should utilize a custom plugin instead.

Return true or modified files object to proceed:

onBeforeUpload: (files) => {
  // We’ll be careful to return a new object, not mutating the original `files`
  const updatedFiles = {}
  Object.keys(files).forEach(fileID => {
    updatedFiles[fileID] = {
      ...files[fileID],
      name: 'myCustomPrefix' + '__' + files[fileID].name
    }
  })
  return updatedFiles
}

Return false to abort:

onBeforeUpload: (files) => {
  if (Object.keys(files).length < 2) {
    // log to console
    uppy.log(`Aborting upload because only ${Object.keys(files).length} files were selected`)
    // show error message to the user
    uppy.info(`You have to select at least 2 files`, 'error', 500)
    return false
  }
}

Note: it is up to you to show a notification to the user about a file not passing validation. We recommend showing a message using uppy.info() and logging to console for debugging purposes via uppy.log().

locale: {}

This allows you to override language strings:

locale: {
  strings: {
    youCanOnlyUploadX: {
      0: 'You can only upload %{smart_count} file',
      1: 'You can only upload %{smart_count} files'
    },
    youHaveToAtLeastSelectX: {
      0: 'You have to select at least %{smart_count} file',
      1: 'You have to select at least %{smart_count} files'
    },
    // **NOTE**: This string is called `exceedsSize2` for backwards compatibility reasons.
    // See https://github.com/transloadit/uppy/pull/2077
    exceedsSize2: 'This file exceeds maximum allowed size of %{size}',
    youCanOnlyUploadFileTypes: 'You can only upload: %{types}',
    companionError: 'Connection with Companion failed'
  }
}

Instead of overriding strings yourself, consider using one of our language packs (or contributing one!):

const russianLocale = require('@uppy/locales/lib/ru_RU')
// ^-- OR: import russianLocale from '@uppy/locales/lib/ru_RU'
const uppy = new Uppy({
  locale: russianLocale,
})

If you use Uppy from a CDN, there’s an example showcasing how to change languages.

For flexibility, you can pass a locale at the Uppy/core level, or to Plugins individually. The locale strings that you set in core take precedence.

It also offers the pluralization function, which is used to determine which string will be used for the provided smart_count number.

For example, for the Icelandic language, the pluralization function would be:

locale: {
  pluralize: (n) => (n % 10 !== 1 || n % 100 === 11) ? 1 : 0
}

We are using a forked Polyglot.js.

store: defaultStore()

The Store that is used to keep track of internal state. By default, a simple object is used.

This option can be used to plug Uppy state into an external state management library, such as Redux. You can then write custom views with the library that is also used by the rest of the application.

File Objects

Uppy internally uses file objects that abstract over local files and files from remote providers, and that contain additional data like user-specified metadata and upload progress information.

file.source

Name of the plugin that was responsible for adding this file. Typically a remote provider plugin like 'GoogleDrive' or a UI plugin like 'DragDrop'.

file.id

Unique ID for the file.

file.meta

Object containing file metadata. Any file metadata should be JSON-serializable.

file.type

MIME type of the file. This may actually be guessed if a file type was not provided by the user’s browser, so this is a best-effort value and not guaranteed to be accurate.

file.data

For local files, this is the actual File or Blob object representing the file contents.

For files that are imported from remote providers, the file data is not available in the browser.

file.progress

An object with upload progress data.

Properties

  • bytesUploaded - Number of bytes uploaded so far.
  • bytesTotal - Number of bytes that must be uploaded in total.
  • uploadStarted - Null if the upload has not started yet. Once started, this property contains a UNIX timestamp. Note that this is only set after preprocessing.
  • uploadComplete - Boolean indicating if the upload has completed. Note this does not mean that postprocessing has completed, too.
  • percentage - Integer percentage between 0 and 100.

file.size

Size in bytes of the file.

file.isRemote

Boolean: is this file imported from a remote provider?

file.remote

Grab bag of data for remote providers. Generally not interesting for end users.

file.preview

An optional URL to a visual thumbnail for the file.

file.uploadURL

When an upload is completed, this may contain a URL to the uploaded file. Depending on server configuration it may not be accessible or accurate.

Methods

uppy.use(plugin, opts)

Add a plugin to Uppy, with an optional plugin options object.

const Uppy = require('@uppy/core')
const DragDrop = require('@uppy/drag-drop')

const uppy = new Uppy()
uppy.use(DragDrop, { target: 'body' })

uppy.removePlugin(instance)

Uninstall and remove a plugin.

uppy.getPlugin(id)

Get a plugin by its id to access its methods.

uppy.getID()

Get the Uppy instance ID, see the id option.

uppy.addFile(fileObject)

Add a new file to Uppy’s internal state.

uppy.addFile({
  name: 'my-file.jpg', // file name
  type: 'image/jpeg', // file type
  data: blob, // file blob
  meta: {
    // optional, store the directory path of a file so Uppy can tell identical files in different directories apart
    relativePath: webkitFileSystemEntry.relativePath,
  },
  source: 'Local', // optional, determines the source of the file, for example, Instagram
  isRemote: false // optional, set to true if actual file is not in the browser, but on some remote server, for example, when using companion in combination with Instagram
})

addFile gives an error if the file cannot be added, either because onBeforeFileAdded(file) gave an error, or because uppy.opts.restrictions checks failed.

If you try to add a file that already exists, addFile will throw an error. Unless that duplicate file was dropped with a folder — duplicate files from different folders are allowed, when selected with that folder. This is because we add file.meta.relativePath to the file.id.

If uppy.opts.autoProceed === true, Uppy will begin uploading automatically when files are added.

addFile will return the generated id for the file that was added.

Sometimes you might need to add a remote file to Uppy. This can be achieved by fetching the file, then creating a Blob object, or using the Url plugin with Companion.

Sometimes you might need to mark some files as “already uploaded”, so that the user sees them, but they won’t actually be uploaded by Uppy. This can be achieved by looping through files and setting uploadComplete: true, uploadStarted: false on them

uppy.removeFile(fileID)

Remove a file from Uppy.

uppy.removeFile('uppyteamkongjpg1501851828779')

Removing a file that is already being uploaded cancels that upload.

uppy.getFile(fileID)

Get a specific File Object by its ID.

const file = uppy.getFile('uppyteamkongjpg1501851828779')

file.id        // 'uppyteamkongjpg1501851828779'
file.name      // 'nature.jpg'
file.extension // '.jpg'
file.type      // 'image/jpeg'
file.data      // the Blob object
file.size      // 3947642 (returns 'N/A' if size cannot be determined)
file.preview   // value that can be used to populate "src" attribute of an "img" tag

uppy.getFiles()

Get an array of all File Objects that have been added to Uppy.

const prettierBytes = require('@transloadit/prettier-bytes')
const items = uppy.getFiles().map(() =>
  `<li>${file.name} - ${prettierBytes(file.size)}</li>`
).join('')
document.querySelector('.file-list').innerHTML = `<ul>${items}</ul>`

uppy.upload()

Start uploading selected files.

Returns a Promise result that resolves with an object containing two arrays of uploaded files:

  • result.successful - Files that were uploaded successfully.
  • result.failed - Files that did not upload successfully. These File Objects will have a .error property describing what went wrong.
uppy.upload().then((result) => {
  console.info('Successful uploads:', result.successful)

  if (result.failed.length > 0) {
    console.error('Errors:')
    result.failed.forEach((file) => {
      console.error(file.error)
    })
  }
})

uppy.pauseResume(fileID)

Toggle pause/resume on an upload. Will only work if resumable upload plugin, such as Tus, is used.

uppy.pauseAll()

Pause all uploads. Will only work if a resumable upload plugin, such as Tus, is used.

uppy.resumeAll()

Resume all uploads. Will only work if resumable upload plugin, such as Tus, is used.

uppy.retryUpload(fileID)

Retry an upload (after an error, for example).

uppy.retryAll()

Retry all uploads (after an error, for example).

uppy.cancelAll()

Cancel all uploads, reset progress and remove all files.

uppy.setState(patch)

Update Uppy’s internal state. Usually, this method is called internally, but in some cases it might be useful to alter something directly, especially when implementing your own plugins.

Uppy’s default state on initialization:

{
  plugins: {},
  files: {},
  currentUploads: {},
  capabilities: {
    resumableUploads: false
  },
  totalProgress: 0,
  meta: Object.assign({}, this.opts.meta),
  info: {
    isHidden: true,
    type: 'info',
    message: ''
  }
}

Updating state:

uppy.setState({
  smth: true
})

State in Uppy is considered to be immutable. When updating values, it is your responsibility to not mutate them, but instead create copies. See Redux docs for more info on this. Here is an example from Uppy.Core that updates progress for a particular file in state:

// We use Object.assign({}, obj) to create a copy of `obj`.
const updatedFiles = Object.assign({}, uppy.getState().files)
// We use Object.assign({}, obj, update) to create an altered copy of `obj`.
const updatedFile = Object.assign({}, updatedFiles[fileID], {
  progress: Object.assign({}, updatedFiles[fileID].progress, {
    bytesUploaded: data.bytesUploaded,
    bytesTotal: data.bytesTotal,
    percentage: Math.floor((data.bytesUploaded / data.bytesTotal * 100).toFixed(2))
  })
})
updatedFiles[data.id] = updatedFile
uppy.setState({files: updatedFiles})

uppy.getState()

Returns the current state from the Store.

uppy.setFileState(fileID, state)

Update the state for a single file. This is mostly useful for plugins that may want to store data on File Objects, or that need to pass file-specific configurations to other plugins that support it.

fileID is the string file ID. state is an object that will be merged into the file’s state object.

uppy.getPlugin('Url').addFile('path/to/remote-file.jpg')

uppy.setMeta(data)

Alters global meta object in state, the one that can be set in Uppy options and gets merged with all newly added files. Calling setMeta will also merge newly added meta data with previously selected files.

uppy.setMeta({ resize: 1500, token: 'ab5kjfg' })

uppy.setFileMeta(fileID, data)

Update metadata for a specific file.

uppy.setFileMeta('myfileID', { resize: 1500 })

uppy.setOptions(opts)

Change Uppy options on the fly. For example, to conditionally change restrictions.allowedFileTypes or locale:

const uppy = new Uppy()
uppy.setOptions({
  restrictions: { maxNumberOfFiles: 3 },
  autoProceed: true
})

uppy.setOptions({
  locale: {
    strings: {
      'cancel': 'Отмена'
    }
  }
})

You can also change options for plugin on the fly, like this:

// Change width of the Dashboard drag-and-drop aread on the fly
uppy.getPlugin('Dashboard').setOptions({
  width: 300
})

uppy.reset()

Stop all uploads in progress and clear file selection, set progress to 0. Basically, return things to the way they were before any user input.

uppy.close()

Uninstall all plugins and close down this Uppy instance. Also runs uppy.reset() before uninstalling.

uppy.log()

Parameters

  • message {string}
  • type {string=} error or warning

Logs stuff to logger methods.

See logger docs for details.

uppy.log('[Dashboard] adding files...')

uppy.info()

Parameters

  • message {(string|object)}'info message' or { message: 'Oh no!', details: 'File couldn’t be uploaded' }
  • type {string} [type=’info’]info, warning, success or error
  • duration {number} [duration = 3000] — in milliseconds

Sets a message in state, with optional details, that can be shown by notification UI plugins. Currently, that means just the Informer plugin, included by default in Dashboard.

this.info('Oh my, something good happened!', 'success', 3000)
this.info({
    message: 'Oh no, something bad happened!',
    details: 'File couldn’t be uploaded because there is no internet connection',
  }, 'error', 5000)

info-visible and info-hidden events are emitted when this info message should be visible or hidden.

uppy.on('event', action)

Subscribe to an uppy-event. See below for the full list of events.

uppy.off('event', action)

Unsubscribe to an uppy-event. See below for the full list of events.

Events

Uppy exposes events that you can subscribe to in your app:

file-added

Fired each time a file is added.

Parameters

  • file - The File Object representing the file that was added.
uppy.on('file-added', (file) => {
  console.log('Added file', file)
})

file-removed

Fired each time a file is removed.

Parameters

  • file - The File Object representing the file that was removed.
  • reason - A string explaining why the file was removed. See #2301 for details. Current reasons are: removed-by-user and cancel-all.

Example

uppy.on('file-removed', (file, reason) => {
  console.log('Removed file', file)
})
uppy.on('file-removed', (file, reason) => {
  removeFileFromUploadingCounterUI(file)

  if (reason === 'removed-by-user') {
    sendDeleteRequestForFile(file)
  }
})

upload

Fired when upload starts.

uppy.on('upload', (data) => {
  // data object consists of `id` with upload ID and `fileIDs` array
  // with file IDs in current upload
  // data: { id, fileIDs }
  console.log(`Starting upload ${id} for files ${fileIDs}`)
})

upload-progress

Fired each time file upload progress is available:

Parameters

Example

uppy.on('upload-progress', (file, progress) => {
  // file: { id, name, type, ... }
  // progress: { uploader, bytesUploaded, bytesTotal }
  console.log(file.id, progress.bytesUploaded, progress.bytesTotal)
})

upload-success

Fired each time a single upload is completed.

Parameters

  • file - The File Object that has just been fully uploaded.

  • response - An object with response data from the remote endpoint. The actual contents depend on the uploader plugin that is used.

    For @uppy/xhr-upload, the shape is:

    {
      status, // HTTP status code (0, 200, 300)
      body, // response body
      uploadURL // the file url, if it was returned
    }

Example

uppy.on('upload-success', (file, response) => {
  console.log(file.name, response.uploadURL)
  var img = new Image()
  img.width = 300
  img.alt = file.id
  img.src = response.uploadURL
  document.body.appendChild(img)
})

complete

Fired when all uploads are complete.

The result parameter is an object with arrays of successful and failed files, just like in uppy.upload()’s return value.

uppy.on('complete', (result) => {
  console.log('successful files:', result.successful)
  console.log('failed files:', result.failed)
})

error

Fired when Uppy fails to upload/encode the entire upload. That error is then set to uppy.getState().error.

Parameters

  • error - The error object.

Example

uppy.on('error', (error) => {
  console.error(error.stack)
})

upload-error

Fired each time a single upload has errored.

Parameters

  • file - The File Object for the file whose upload has just errored.

  • error - The error object.

  • response - an optional parameter with response data from the upload endpoint. It may be undefined or contain different data depending on the uploader plugin in use.

    For @uppy/xhr-upload, the shape is:

    {
      status, // HTTP status code (0, 200, 300)
      body // response body
    }

Example

uppy.on('upload-error', (file, error, response) => {
  console.log('error with file:', file.id)
  console.log('error message:', error)
})

If the error is related to network conditions — endpoint unreachable due to firewall or ISP blockage, for instance — the error will have error.isNetworkError property set to true. Here’s how you can check for network errors:

uppy.on('upload-error', (file, error, response) => {
  if (error.isNetworkError) {
    // Let your users know that file upload could have failed
    // due to firewall or ISP issues
    alertUserAboutPossibleFirewallOrISPIssues(error)
  }
})

upload-retry

Fired when an upload has been retried (after an error, for example).

Parameters

  • fileID - ID of the file that is being retried.

Example

uppy.on('upload-retry', (fileID) => {
  console.log('upload retried:', fileID)
})

info-visible

Fired when “info” message should be visible in the UI. By default, Informer plugin is displaying these messages (enabled by default in Dashboard plugin). You can use this event to show messages in your custom UI:

uppy.on('info-visible', () => {
  const info = uppy.getState().info
  // info: {
  //  isHidden: false,
  //  type: 'error',
  //  message: 'Failed to upload',
  //  details: 'Error description'
  // }
  alert(`${info.message} ${info.details}`)
})

info-hidden

Fired when “info” message should be hidden in the UI. See info-visible.

cancel-all

Fired when uppy.cancelAll() is called, all uploads are canceled, files removed and progress is reset.

restriction-failed

Fired when a file violates certain restrictions when added. This event is just providing another choice for those who want to customize the behavior of file upload restrictions.

uppy.on('restriction-failed', (file, error) => {
  // do some customized logic like showing system notice to users
})

reset-progress

Fired when uppy.resetProgress() is called, each file has its upload progress reset to zero.

uppy.on('reset-progress', () => {
  // progress was reset
})